Tackling invasive plants

Tackling invasive plants

Invasive non-native plant species are a threat Dartmoor's precious wildlife and habitats because they displace native plants and disrupt ecosystems.

Invasive non-native species can be extremely costly and difficult to manage if allowed to establish.

We’re working with the help of others to stop this from happening by finding out where the invasive plants are, and taking action to prevent their spread.

The scale of the problems means we have to prioritise where we work and which threats to tackle, but every one of us has a duty to not cause these invaders to spread from our own gardens or land, and with coordinated action we know we can make a difference where they have taken hold.

The invasive plants are harmful because they out-compete our native flora for light, space, oxygen and nutrients, something which impacts on animals and insects including dragonflies, birds and otters.

Research and monitoring has shown the biggest threats to Dartmoor’s habitats are the Himalayan Balsam and American Skunk Cabbage which is why we are focusing our efforts on these particular species.

What are we doing?

Volunteers clear Himalayan balsam plants

In 2019 and 2020, many days of volunteer effort cleared these plants from an area of 8.6 hectares (mostly woodland) and an 8.4km length of river, stream, leat and ditch. This focused on watercourses around Princetown, South Brent and Lustleigh.

In 2021 we are grateful to South West Water who are funding continued action especially in the Lustleigh area.

We can make a real difference for the whole of Devon by making a start on Dartmoor in the headwaters or the source of the original introduction, and working downstream. The aim is to make streams, rivers and wetlands better places for wildlife and people.

Get involved - Updated June 2021

You can help us safeguard the environment for the future by getting involved in our 2021 ‘balsam bashing' volunteer days.

We will be working within a mile and a half of Lustleigh two or three times a week through the summer from now into September.

The days will start at 10.00 a.m., with morning and lunch breaks and finish at about 3.30 pm. Join us for as long as you can but with no obligation to stay for the day!

We are following all government guidance to ensure we, and you, are Covid-19 secure. There is likely to be occasional bramble and nettles as well as balsam so long sleeves and gardening gloves would be good.

Bring a packed lunch and water if you are planning to make a day of it. Wear boots or wellies. Sorry, no dogs please.

We will need to know who is coming in advance so please get in touch by e-mail if you want to make a particular day. Your attendance will then be confirmed and we will let you know where we are going to meet up.

Email invasives@dartmoor.gov.uk

Himalayan balsam in flower

About the plants

Himalayan balsam: With its pink flowers and ‘exploding’ seed pods, this plant is a familiar sight on streams and rivers. The best way of managing it is to pull the plant up before the seed pod pops and spreads down the river, where it takes hold and dominates native plants.

This Himalayan balsam factsheet (PDF) from Natural Devon has lots more information.

American skunk cabbage: This giant yellow arum lily spreads rapidly. In 2015 we found that in one river valley it had spread 1.5km from the garden where it was first introduced, and was starting to invade important wetland habitats. There's more information in this American skunk cabbage factsheet (PDF) from Natural Devon.

Tackling non-native species

American skunk cabbage

While it is accepted that we may not entirely eradicate them, especially on rivers as large as the Dart or Tavy, we can still make a huge difference in the upper tributaries and help deal with the problem before it gets worse.

Learn more about how you can help dispose of these plants correctly if you're a gardener or retailer.

Background

This important work was funded in 2019 and 2020 from our first Moor Otters arts trail. South West Water provided additional partnership funding and continues to fund the project into 2021.

We are grateful for the cooperation and support of the farmers, landowners, the Duchy of Cornwall, community groups and willing volunteers.

Learn more